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Holy Trinity by Masaccio

Holy Trinity by Masaccio

The Holy Trinity
Masaccio, 1426-27
Fresco, Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy.

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One of the most important works of the Early Renaissance is the fresco of the Holy Trinity of 1426-27 by Masaccio. Clearly evident is Masaccio's absorption and application of Brunelleschi's new invention of 1424 of linear perspective in the Holy Trinity. The perspective lines of the illusionistic barrel vault draw the viewer into deep space.  The fully rounded figure of Christ in the Holy Trinity can be attributed to the influence of sculptor Donatello on Masaccio with his interest in classical art. Both Brunelleschi and Donatello were working contemporaneously with Masaccio in Forence at the time the Holy Trinity was executed.

Casting aside the current Gothic style of ornamentation, detail, and flat, two-dimensionality, Masaccio constructed his Holy Trinity painting with simplicty and naturalistic three-dimensionality. The Holy Trinity strongly influenced the works of later Florentine artists like Michelangelo Buonarroti and many others. Masaccio died in Rome ca. 1427(8?).

Masaccio was influrenced by Early Renaissance sculptor Donatello architect Brunelleschi and by Trecento artist, Giotto. Masaccio strongly influenced High Renaissance artist Michelangelo.

Brenda Harness, Art Historian

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