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Parmigianino | Mannerist Artist from Parma

Madonna of the Long Neck by Parmigianino

Madonna of the Long Neck,
c. 1535, Uffizi, Florence, Italy

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The Italian artist known as Parmigianino was a painter and etcher who worked in the Mannerist style. Parmigianino's real name was Girolamo Francesco Mazzola, and he was born in Parma. Early on Parmigianino demonstrated sophisticated artistic ability with a special interest in original and unique spatial effects.

Parmigianino was influenced by Correggio whose works he saw in Parma. Arriving in Rome in 1524, he was influenced by the works of Raphael and Michelangelo. The atmosphere in Rome was tense at this time, and that tension is reflected in Parmigianino's work with its emotional intensity, strange lighting, irrational space, and erotic, lascivious themes.

Parmigianino moved to Bologna after Rome was sacked in 1527, then he gravitated back to Parma. Parmigianino's masterpiece work is the exquisite Madonna of the Long Neck of 1535 now in the Uffizi in Florence.

Brenda Harness, Art Historian

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